UN Security Council Steps Up Pressure On North Korea

Kristopher Drake
September 14, 2017

The resolution instead bans trade in textiles, cuts off natural gas shipments to North Korea, places a ceiling on deliveries of refined oil products and caps crude oil shipments at current levels. North Korea fired a missile created to carry a nuclear payload in what was likely the longest ever launch for the country. North Korea gets almost all of its oil supply from China, with a much smaller amount coming from Russian Federation or the open market.

A United States official, familiar with the council negotiations and speaking on condition of anonymity, said North Korea imports 4.5 million barrels of refined petroleum products annually and 4 million barrels of crude oil. "The North Korean regime has not yet passed the point of no-return".

Additionally, the new measures will prevent overseas workers from earning wages that finance the North Korean regime - over $500 million each year - in addition to cutting off foreign investments, technology transfers and other economic cooperation, according to a statement from the U.S. mission to the UN.

Joint ventures will be banned and the names of senior North Korean officials and three entities were added to a United Nations sanctions blacklist that provides for an assets freeze and a global travel ban. It has voted unanimously on a new sanctions resolution. The new draft also softens its language on foreign workers and other issues.

Haley further addressed the North Korean regime directly, saying it is not too late to change course.

Under the measure, countries are authorised to inspect ships suspected of carrying banned North Korean cargo but must first seek the consent of the flag-state.

US putting considerable pressure on China, Russia in lead-up to expected September 11 voteThe US government under President Donald Trump has asked the UN Security Council to hold a vote on September 11 on a sanctions resolution against North Korea prepared in response to the North's sixth nuclear test, as originally planned.

"This ban will eventually starve the regime of an additional $500 million or more in annual revenues", Haley said.

Blocking textile exports and cutting off the flow of oil from China would potentially be crippling measures.

"I could also imagine such a format to settle the North Korea conflict", she said.

"The recent test of the H-bomb is a great victory won by the Korean people at the cost of their blood while tightening their belts in the arduous period", young North Korean dictator Kim Jong Un said at the banquet Saturday, referring to North Korea's success in the face of tough worldwide sanctions and mounting pressure.

He also called for the removal of the American Terminal High Altitude Area Defense (Thaad) antimissile battery from South Korea, even though the focus of the meeting was to vote on the resolution.

Despite deep frustration with Kim Jong-un, North Korea is a Chinese neighbour and ally, a fellow Leninist state with a shared victim narrative about the past and a shared ambition for the future to remove the USA presence in North East Asia. "We would like to see proof of that in the near future", he added.

"Diverse diplomatic measures are under consideration to intensify the worldwide community's pressure on the North in case it continues its provocations", Cho June-hyuck, foreign ministry spokesman, told a regular press briefing.

The South Korean Foreign Ministry in a statement also lauded the adoption of UNSC Resolution 2375 as a response to the Pyongyang's latest nuclear test, which it said "showed the strong will of the worldwide community that it will not allow North Korea's reckless and irresponsible nuclear weapons development, a serious provocation to global peace and security".

"The only conceivable solution is a peaceful and diplomatic one". Russia's envoy said Washington's unwillingness to have UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres try to resolve the dispute "gives rise to very serious questions in our minds". A source at the US mission suggested further provocations from Pyongyang may result in a complete embargo on refined petroleum products - on which the latest resolution has placed a cap - just as in the case of coal in the previous resolution.

Other reports by Ligue1talk

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